Lijiang ponies are a newly developed breed of horse restricted to the Lijiang District in China. This is an area of high altitude with a greatly varied climate. The economy required a more powerful pony than was found in the area so in 1944 the Arabian Yili Hequ Kabarda and small type Ardennes were introduced. Crossbreeding and interbreeding of the progeny has developed a horse ideal for the needs of the area. Today there are approximately 4 000 Lijiang ponies.